THE first English history by an Anglo Saxon saint and monk takes us back to names, people and places that are barely remembered in present history books, a fascinating read for it is much closer and perhaps accurate for it, without this book we would know so little of those early times, as the Normans chose only to remember themselves Well worth a read. Bede s Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum is one of the most important sources on the early Germanic settlement of Britain, the founding of the early kingdoms and the growth of Christianity amongst the English Beginning with Julius Caesar s invasion of Britain, then the first incursions of the Germanic Angles, Saxons and Jutes and the first Christian missionaries that were despatched by Pope Gregory under the leadership of Augustine to the pagan english, culminating in Bede s own lifetime when the Roman Catholic Church was firmly established in England Along the way the reader will encounter kings such as thelberht of Kent and R dwald of East Anglia, thought to be the king who was Buried at Sutton Hoo Well known stories include those of Saint Hilda of Whitby Abbey and the poet C dmon.By modern historical standards the work would be considered unreliable because Bede interprets history with a strong Christian and Northumbrian bias, causing modern historians to use a little caution while using this text to reconstruct the period The text is typical of most medieval histories of the period in using a mixture of fact, legend and ecclesiastical records Although at times Bede does corroborate the archaeological findings and is one of the first authors to quote the sources that he s using.This Oxford edition by Colgrave and Mynors is the standard scholarly Latin text with a modern English version on the opposite page, plus extensive notes The introduction explores Bede and his times and the manuscript tradition Readers will also benefit from reading Wallace Hadrill s commentary alongside This commentary, which unfortunately is sold separately and costs roughly the same price as the text, is specially designed to complement the Oxford Bede and is an ideal companion volume. Ecclesiastical History Of The English People Wikipedia The Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, Or An Ecclesiastical History Of The English People Is Bede S Best Known Work, Completed In AboutHistoire Ecclsiastique Du Peuple Anglais Wikipdia L Histoire Ecclsiastique Du Peuple Anglais Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum En Latin Est Un Ouvrage De Bde Le Vnrable Crit VersComme Son Titre Le Suggre, Il S Agit D Une Histoire De L Angleterre Qui S Intresse Tout Particulirement Sa Christianisation Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Dataf Histoire De L Angleterre Enlivres, Du Dbarquement De Csar Jusqu En , Qui Traite Particulirement Des Institutions Et Vnements Religieux D Princeps Strasbourg,Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum ProjectBede, Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Bede, Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Written At The Twined Monasteries Of Monkwearmouth And Jarrow And Finished In , Bede S Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Is A Remarkable Achievement Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Vicipaedia Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Est Opus A Beda Venerabili Circa Annumscriptum, Quae Res Gestas Angliae Et Ecclesiae Anglicae A Iulio Caesare Usque Ad Annumenarrat Opus E Quinque Libris Constituitur In Quarto Libro Memoratur Hymnus Cdmonis, Tiberius Bede The British Library Bl Bede S Ecclesiastical History Of The English People Was Completed InThe Work Tells The Story Of The Conversion Of The English People To Christianity Bede S Account Is The Chief Source Of Information About English History From The Arrival Of St Augustine In Kent InuntilBut Bede Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Wikipedy De Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Frysk Tsjerklike Skiednis Fan It Ingelske Folk , Is In Latynsk Wurk Fan E Earwearde Beda , In Learde Kleasterling T E Iere Midsiuwen, Oer De Skiednis Fan It Angelsaksyske Ingeln Hjoeddeiske Histoarisy En Taalkundigen Hawwe It Foar De Moade En Koartsje De Namme Derfan F Ta HEGA Church History Eusebius Wikipedia The Church History Of Eusebius, The Bishop Of Caesarea Was A Th Century Pioneer Work Giving A Chronological Account Of The Development Of Early Christianity From The St Century To The Th Century It Was Written In Koine Greek, And Survives Also In Latin, Syriac And Armenian Manuscripts Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Wikipedie Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum Esky Crkevn D Jiny Nroda Angl Je Latinsky Psan Dlo, Jeho Autorem Je Beda Ctihodn A Je Se Zabv Ranmi Anglickmi D Jinami, A To P Edev M Z Hlediska D Jin Crkve D Jiny Byly Z Ejm Dokon Eny Roku , Kdy Bylo Bedovilet Synopsis leading up to quote Pope Gregory directed Augustine to preach to the English nation on Christianity, which had fallen by the wayside in England after many bloody civil wars and latterly the leaving of their allies and benefactors, the Romans On reaching Britain Augustine met with King Ethelbert, who reigned over Kent King Ethelbert, after listening to the preachings of Augustine, says the following according to Bede Your words and promises are fair indeed, but they are new and uncertain, and I cannot accept them and abandon the age old beliefs that I have held, together with the whole English nation But since you have travelled far, and I can see you are sincere in your desire to impart to us what you believe to be true and excellent, we will not harm you We will receive you hospitably and take care to supply you with all that you need nor will we forbid you to preach and win any people you can to your religion Oh, how I wish for tolerance of this sort today I am an agnostic, but this seems kind and fair You go about your business and I ll go about mine.I read this book in 1982 and obviously this passage struck a huge chord with me, as I wrote it out in my Books notebook. What Is History Edward Hallett Carr asked in the title of his famous book Nothing objective he argued, saying, The belief in a hard core of historical facts existing objectively and independently of the interpretation of the historian is a preposterous fallacy, but one which it is very hard to eradicate Several decades later, Richard J Evans responded with In Defence of History and argued the opposite.It is not taking sides in this ongoing debate to say that once upon a time, what we now know as history a lineal narrative of cause and consequence consequence didn t exist When Thucydides sat down about 400 years before the birth of Christ to write The History of the Peloponnesian War, his chronological ordering of events was a radical break with what had gone before There was a city called Troy and there was certainly some fighting around it but the account of the Trojan War given by Homer in The Iliad was mostly myth Even The Histories of Herodotus, written about 40 years before Thucydides put quill to parchment, have a confusing, scattergun approach with chronology largely absent Quite simply, Thucydides marked a quantum leap in the documentation of experience the birth of history.To see how unusual this chronological approach to history remained consider that much of the history of entire swathes of the planet remains a mystery The concept of time as cyclical, which prevailed among Mayan or Buddhist cultures, for example, means that we have very little idea of the path of their development prior to their contact with the west and its lineal time We see this in England There was settlement before the last Ice Age rendered the place uninhabitable around 100,000 BC The end of the Ice Age around 10,000 BC saw people return to England by land from modern day Europe and begin a period of settlement unbroken to this day But of these 12,000 years we actually know very little about 10,000 of them, about 80% of the period The inhabitants of these islands apparently didn t possess a lineal conception of time And, crucially, it wouldn t have been much use to us if they had as they still lacked another Mediterranean import writing So English history begins from the outside, viewed by visitors beginning with Pytheas, a Greek sailor who travelled to England in 325 BC and wrote an account of his journey.Eventually less welcome visitors and imports came from the Mediterranean Julius Caesar s unsuccessful invasions of 55 and 54 BC were followed by the successful invasion of Claudius in 43 AD and Britain came under the jurisdiction of Rome s historians as well as its governors It was Cassius Dio who chronicled the guerilla campaign of the British chieftain Caratacus against Roman rule in the 40 s, Tacitus who recorded the rising of the Iceni under Boudica in 60 and 61 AD, and Herodian who described the growing anarchy of the late second century.By the later fourth century the Empire found its extended borders increasingly hard to defend Barbarian invaders from Germany attacked Britain causing the Romans to build a series of coastal forts which took their name from the invaders the Saxon Shore In 387, Rome was sacked by the Gauls and Rome gave up on Britain, withdrawing its troops in 410 and telling the British to fend for themselves.Rome s replacements were drawn from the largely illiterate tribes of Germany, Jutland, and the lower Rhine the Saxons, Jutes, and Angles who gave their name to England What a break this was can be gauged by how quickly the Saxons became baffled by the deserted stone ruins of Roman Britain As one Anglo Saxon poet wrote Cities are visible from afar, the cunning work of giants, the wondrous fortifications in stone which are on this earth.The illiterate Anglo Saxons retreat from recorded history and into archaeology and rarely emerge until 731 when Bede wrote his magnificent History of the English Church and People and it was another Mediterranean arrival that made this possible Christianity.In 597, Pope Gregory sent Augustine to England to convert the pagan English Early successes were had in the south east But there was already Christianity in Britain Constantine, who had been proclaimed emperor in York in 306, was a convert to Christianity himself and ended the periodic persecutions of Christians by the Edict of Milan in 313 Christianity became officially favoured throughout the empire, including Britain The arrival of the Anglo Saxons pushed Christianity back to the remaining British areas, Wales, the north east, and Cornwall, where, disconnected from it, they developed in a rather different way from the Roman church Augustine represented.Augustine s arrival started, quite literally, a struggle for the soul of England the peculiar, mystical Christianity of the British versus the official faith of Rome It was eventually settled in 664 at the Synod of Whitby where the British accepted the Roman practices But the competition between religious men, the only literate section of the population, and the simultaneous replacement of illiterate paganism by literate Christianity through the seventh century led to an early flowering of English writing It was the Anglo Saxons, wrote Dorothy Whitelock who in the eighth century led the scholarship of Western Europe, who were mainly responsible for the conversion to Christianity of the of the German and Scandinavian peoples, and who, alone of the Germanic races, have left behind from so early a date a noble literature in verse and prose.Bede, a monk who spent most of his life in a monastery at Jarrow in the north east, was part of this In a long career he wrote books on subjects as diverse as orthography and the life of St Cuthbert In his history he aimed to transmit whatever I could ascertain from common report for the instruction of posterity Bede sheds some light through the murk of Anglo Saxon history He matter of factly describes how, in 449, the British King Vortigern, deserted by Rome and plagued by barbarian raids, invited Anglo Saxon mercenaries from Germany to protect Britain Nevertheless, writes Bede, their intention was to subdue it Under their chieftans Hengist and Horsa, the Anglo Saxons arrivedin three longships, and were granted lands in the eastern part of the island on condition that they protected the country They engaged the enemy advancing from the north, and having defeated them, sent back news of their success to their homeland, adding that the country was fertile and the Britons cowardly Whereupon a larger fleet quickly came over with a great body of warriors, which, when joined to the original forces, constituted an invincible army.In a similarly matter of fact way Bede describes the fighting between the British and the Anglo Saxons in the sixth century and the internecine fighting between the Anglo Saxon kingdoms of Mercia, Northumbria, Kent, and Wessex, and the spread of Christianity in the seventh century Bede s book is rather dull at times lots of it is taken up with reproductions of letters from one churchman to another and accounts of various miracles But it is riddled with colour particularly when Bede is writing about the saints who inspired him.More importantly, like Thucydides, who had been a general in the Peloponnesian War, Bede was working mostly with first or second hand information He culled information from a wide range of primary sources such as church documents, interviews with witnesses, and, for things beyond living memory, secondary sources like the lurid The Ruin of Britain written by a monk named Gildas in 540 Bede was England s first historian in the true sense F.M Stenton wrote the quality which makes his work great is not his scholarship, nor the faculty of narrative which he shared with many other contemporaries, but his astonishing power of co ordinating the fragments of information which came to him through tradition, the relation of friends, or documentary evidence In an age when little was attempted beyond the registration of fact, he had reached the conception of history.As importantly perhaps, Bede called his book a history of the English People At a time when the Anglo Saxons were still divided into often warring kingdoms Bede had a conception of them as a common English polity.The eighth century flowering of which Bede was a part soon withered In 789, the Anglo Saxon Chronicle recorded,came the first three ships of Norwegians from Horthaland and then the reeve rode thither and tried to compel them to go to the royal manor, for he did not know what they were and then they slew him These were the first ships of the Danes to come to England.After a respite these Viking raids resumed with new intensity in the 830 s One by one the Anglo Saxon kingdoms fell to the Vikings until only Wessex remained Here the Vikings would founder on the rock of one man Alfred the Great.Alfred succeeded his brother as king in 871 and after initial defeats was forced to buy the Vikings off The invaders attacked Wessex again in 878 and forced Alfred to flee to the Somerset Marshes to regroup, famously burning the cakes along the way But Alfred emerged with a rebuilt army and shattered the Vikings at the battle of Edington later that year.Much of what we know of the life of arguably the greatest Englishman who ever lived comes from Life of King Alfred written in 893 by Asser, a friend of Alfred s who, showing again the link between Christianity and history, was a Bishop But Asser was just one of many learned men Alfred surrounded himself with Alfred encouraged learning and literacy and established schools to educate the sons of nobles and bright children of lesser birth Another fruit of this second Anglo Saxon flowering was The Anglo Saxon Chronicle which, building on earlier work, was organised by Alfred Listing chronologically the major events of every year the Chronicles, the work of many anonymous scribes, were being compiled into the twelfth century Here the Anglo Saxons recorded the consolidation of the English nation, asserted resoundingly by the victory of the English King Athelstan over a combined army of Vikings, Scots, and Welsh at Brunanburh in 937, the successful Danish invasion of 1016, and the re establishment of an Anglo Saxon monarchy with the crowning of Edward the Confessor in 1042 It is one of the most extraordinary documents in English history.If Bede s work was important for its identification of an English people with a shared identity Geoffrey of Monmouth in his History of the Kings of Britain sought to tell the other side of the story Geoffrey was, after all, a Briton from south east Wales who called the Anglo Saxons the odious race Where Bede told the story of the birth of England, Geoffrey s story was the death of Britain His problem was that of all historians of illiterate societies a lack of information This partly explains why, despite being written around 1136, 400 years after Bede, Geoffrey s book, replete with giants, dragons, and wizards, represents a regression in historical writing away from Thucydides and towards Homer Geoffrey claimed to have based his work on a certain very ancient book written in the British language and just because no such book, other than that compiled under the name Nennius, has come down to us doesn t mean it didn t exist However, Geoffrey may be truthful when he says these deeds were handed joyfully down in oral tradition Whatever his sources were, how much is history As Lewis Thorpe wrote the History of the Kings of Britain rests primarily upon the life history of three great men Brutus, grandson of Aeneas Belinus, who sacked Rome and Arthur, King of Britain This particular Brutus never existed Rome was never sacked by a Briton called Belinus and Geoffrey s Arthur is far nearer to the fictional hero of the later Arthurian romances than to the historical Arthur.Geoffrey s book gives us much detail on the lives of, say, Hengist and Horsa than Bede does, but then most of it is made up or probably taken from something made up The book got bad reviews at the time In 1190 William of Newburgh wrote, It is quite clear that everything this man wrote about Arthur and his successors, or indeed about his predecessors from Vortigern onwards, was made up, partly by himself and partly by others, either from an inordinate love of lying, or for the sake of pleasing the Britons And yet we cannot say that Geoffrey has no contribution to make historically When literacy is absent word of mouth can preserve something at least As Thorpe writes In v.4 Geoffrey tells us how the Venedoti decapitated a whole roman legion in London and threw their heads into a stream called Nantgallum or, in the Saxon language, Galobroc In the 1860 s a large number of skulls, with practically no other bones to accompany them, were dug up in the bed of the Walbrook by General Pitt Rivers and others.The question of how much lost history there is hiding in plain sight in Geoffrey s book is fascinating But, as the archaeologist Acton Griscom wrote, How much allowance must be made for expansion and embellishment is admittedly hard to determine, because, first and foremost, Geoffrey was bent on turning chronicle history into literature And Geoffrey s book is wonderfully entertaining A dizzying array of Kings, Queens, soldiers, and wizards, including an early appearance by Merlin, are all sharply drawn Shakespeare found Cymbeline and Lear here There is King Bladud who constructed a pair of wings for himself and tried to fly through the upper air He came down on top of the Temple of Apollo in the town on Trinovantum and was dashed into countless fragments.There is Tonuuenna who reasserts matriarchal discipline over her son Brennius by ripping her top open in front of his army and declaring, Remember, my son, remember these breasts which you once sucked Armies invade, repel, attack, and counter attack Geoffrey s book is nothing less, or perhaps little , than Britain s own home grown Homeric epic and it is tinged with schadenfreude By the time he wrote the Anglo Saxons themselves had been conquered by the Normans.What is history It is inspiration, homage, tool, and entertainment Its father, Thucydides, had modest ambitions if anyone shall pronounce what I have written to be useful then I shall be satisfied, he wrote This would have pleased Bede Geoffrey, perhaps, would have wanted to entertain. A most magnificent bookor should I say books St Bede s history is five books in one If you want to study English ecclesiastical history up to the mid 8th century, this is your go to text I am so thankful for such a text that records the history of righteous men, women, and right believing rulers to have survived I also find it incredibly interesting how many times St Bede alludes to Virgil s Aeneid throughout the five volumes Read it You ll feel like a wizard in his library whilst doing so. Should a woman receive holy communion during her period Yes her state of impurity is not due to sin When can a priest say mass after a wet dream Once he has showered, he can say mass the following evening.Bede s Ecclesiastical History of the English People which marks the beginning of intellectual life in Great Britain should be read by anyone who loves the culture of this island.In this remarkable history, Bede makes a convincing case that it was the holy Catholic Church rather than any king or dynasty that created England The controversy which occupied English churchmen for over 300 years is the topic which Bede deals with at the greatest length Several of the English kingdoms celebrated Easter on the day following Jewish Passover This was however as Bede forcefully argues a grievous error The Council of Nice in 325 had ruled that Easter was to be celebrated on the Sunday after the first full moon following the March equinox This debate was not settled until 664 when the Synod of Whitby decreed that the method prescribed by the Roman Catholic Church must be followed throughout England.The Synod of Whitby also ruled that monastic tonsure should be performed in the Roman manner rather than in the way of Iona While agreeing with this decision on the tonsure, Bede still acknowledged that it was of less importance than the question of the day when Easter should be celebrated. My favourite read of 2012 Why did it take me 30 years to read this This is a hard book to review, because whether it deserves five stars or 2 3 stars is going to depend pretty heavily on why you re reading it If you re reading it for academic purposes, it s really wonderful it s one of the very, very few sources that we have for early English history and it s a goldmine of intriguing information on topics from the early Saxon kingdoms, the native Picts and Britons, or the procession of English conversion to Christianity If you re reading it just for pleasure, it s a bit of a mixed bag Bede is a pleasant writer, and every once and a while he ll tell a great anecdote or included a beautifully written passage There s one part in the second book that s a great extended simile on a sparrow flying through a feasting hall, and it s the best of both worlds it s a lovely passage in its own right, and it gives a great recreation for historians of what a feast hall may have been like But it s also a rather long history, and there are certainly sections that are going to be boring for those who aren t a specialist in Christian conversion, Anglo Saxon kingship, or the Paschal Controversy.Overall, I d definitely recommend it to those with a particular interest in early English history If you re a bit mixed on that, reading some selections might be a better bet. It depends on why you read this Historically it s extremely important Reference wise, it s a huge help, not only for religious things but the time period itself in English history Literature wise it s not the best thing you can spend your time on and if you re on it for escapism then you re an idiot and you need to get off your phone and go outside and hug a tree.
Saint Bede 672 673 26 May 735 , referred to as Venerable Bede Latin B da Vener bilis for over a thousand years before being canonized, was an English monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth and of its companion monastery, Saint Paul s, in modern Jarrow see Monkwearmouth Jarrow , both in the Kingdom of Northumbria He is well known as an author and scholar, and his
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- Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum
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