In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines

In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines Best EPub, In Our Image America S Empire In The Philippines Author Stanley Karnow This Is Very Good And Becomes The Main Topic To Read, The Readers Are Very Takjup And Always Take Inspiration From The Contents Of The Book In Our Image America S Empire In The Philippines, Essay By Stanley Karnow Is Now On Our Website And You Can Download It By Register What Are You Waiting For Please Read And Make A Refission For You

Stanley Karnow was a well respected American Journalist and Historian whose book In Our Image America s Empire in the Philippines won him the coveted Pulitzer Prize for History Karnow was a World War II veteran who graduated from Harvard and began his journalism career in the early 1950s He is probably best known for his coverage of the Vietnam War.Stanley Karnow died of congestive heart

[BOOKS] ⚡ In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines By Stanley Karnow –
  • Paperback
  • 536 pages
  • In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines
  • Stanley Karnow
  • English
  • 11 May 2018

10 thoughts on “In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines

  1. says:

    Uncle Sam s sugar satrapy stays the sameWell written, interesting and informative, I first read Karnow s book 24 years ago Recently I re read it as I was thinking about why Filipinos were desperate or naive enough to vote for a thug like Duterte Wasn t it similar in a sad sort of way to how Trump got elected In our image yet again The Philippine story from a local point of view is not what you get here This is the long and detailed story of America s relationship to its former far flung colony Starting with the nearly four centuries of Spanish rule, and taking into account the Chinese influence over the centuries, the book gets going with the Spanish American War of 1898 Kind of a second thought to the main event in Cuba, the US pulverized the Spanish fleet in Manila Harbor and wound up in charge of the islands President McKinley didn t have a clue as to where the country was Over there was probably enough for a geographically challenged politician But the Filipinos had been organizing and fighting for their own independence Now, the Americans called their movement an insurrection which obviously assumed that American rule was correct A bloody, vicious war followed, a war nearly forgotten in the US, but which involved the death of some 200,000 Filipinos and which grimly presaged the war in Vietnam some 60 odd years later After crushing the independence movement, do gooders, missionaries, and carpet baggers flocked to the islands as the Americans tried to impose offer was the word they used their political, educational, and economic system The long connection of the MacArthur family yes, I shall return General Douglas MacArthur and his father to the country is presented The American penchant for thinking that everyone wants to be like them was never obvious than in the Philippines in 1900 1941 However, unlike any other colonial power, the Americans promised independence right from the start and after the Japanese occupation of 1941 44, when the economy was destroyed, Manila left a total ruin, and hundreds of thousands died, they came through The Philippines became independent in 1946, but economically made dependent on America The Philippines was not Ohio with middle class small towns and farmer owned properties A small coterie of rich, usually mixed Spanish, Chinese and Filipino families dominated the mostly agricultural economy While many of their members were well educated at home and abroad, they believed in their right to control the peasants and laborers on their lands As long as they could dominate, they absorbed a lot of American culture American universities, American music, American styles, American slang.America became the ideal society for them but Our Image was one distorted by the paternalistic, tightly knit family social order at the top ruling over a mass of impoverished and hungry peasants But perhaps as Karnow hints but does not say outright the Philippine image we read about is only a distorted but recognizable image of ourselves full of hypocrisy, corrupt, violent, and chaotic You can read Dogeaters by Jessica Hagedorn for a closeup of what I am talking about This elite cooperated with the Japanese during WW II, escaped punishment afterwards, and continued to dominate up to the time the book closes 1988 Despite two peasant Communist rebellions largely due to the terrible conditions in the countryside, BECAUSE of American support for the elite, and BECAUSE of the corrupt rule of the Marcos family and other American style politicos, the Philippines today is still not much better off, but the population is ten times greater than it was in 1900 when American rule began 103 million For a vast canvas, full of personal sketches by a journalist who knew many of the characters in latter days if you are interested in the Philippines and in America s exploits in yet another part of the globe, you must get hold of this book.

  2. says:

    If you like Philippine History, this is one of the best books written about the Philippines It is well researched Born and raised in the Philippines, I thought I knew a lot of Philippines history There were some new information in the book that I did not know most of the history about the Spanish American War and the role Teddy Roosevelt played That was never emphasized in school when I was young There were some characters that I haven t heard about and it was interesting to know about them I thoroughly enjoyed reading the book It gives me a new perspective on how the nation was formed Highly recommended.

  3. says:

    To a Westerner, the Philippines is a mass of contradictions A country in which the most vocal calls for representative democracy can come from an unelected, unaccountable male leader of the catholic church a society in which national identity and patriotic culture are expressed through foreign rituals from TV game shows to the school flag salute where the elements most identifiable as Filipino are remnants of imperial conquest from Spanish patronymics to the ubiquitous catholic faith and to the Filipino language itself.This impressive work by Karnow presents the history of the Philippines as the history of underdevelopment He repeatedly returns to the conclusion that the Philippine economic model is basically feudal, with absolute power wielded by a land owning class consisting of wealthy dynasties The social structure at the time of Spanish conquest in many ways resembled Anglo Saxon Britain Rather than challenge this ancient society, 300 years of Spanish rule, 50 years of US rule and 50 years of US rule by proxy reinforced the plutocracy The concept of a unified nation governed by a democratic process is an illusion the imperial masters where happy to promote for their own purposes.Karnow shows how the US relationship has largely made the Philippines what it is today He shows with great insight and masses of evidential detail how the relationship moved from an initial benign mission to liberate and improve the lives of the Filipinos, eventually to a cynical desire to protect US interests, primarily to maintain the air and naval bases from which the Americans rained death and disaster on Vietnam the common point being the primacy of US domestic politics.I read this book at a time when Ninoy Aquino s son Noynoy is launching a carefully managed campaign for the presidency, based on appropriating the myths and images surrounding his murdered father and recently deceased and hugely revered mother Cory Noynoy s naive and shallow discussions on policy are unimportant to win he needs to conflate a sense of dynastic entitlement with a sanctified narrative of good over evil The Filipino body politic seeks Messianic leaders and almost wants to be deluded In what other society could Imelda Marcos, having been party to Ferdinand s plunder of 20Billion return to the country and be touted as a presidential candidate And when denied, enthusiastically promote her children as suitable members of congress In what other society can an ex president Erap do jail time for plunder, then return to our TV screens as a sought after celebrity, and, yes, be touted as a future presendtial candidate Karnow s account of the recent history, and his thesis of a feudal Philippines certainly go a long way to explaining how such things can happen in a society which works hard to give the appearance of a modern democracy His narrative ends during Cory s presidency, but his underlying conclusions are still well true today.In summary the book is impressive in its wealth of detail and its extensive use of highly authoritative sources If you are interested in the Philippines, get a copy.

  4. says:

    I grew up in the Philippines, but I feel like I learned about Philippine history reading this book than I picked up in 12 years in the country That said, it is definitely not just a book for people interested in Philippine history While using the Philippines as its focus, the book walks the reader through turn of the 20th century US foreign politics, which could perhaps best be described as fumbling towards a semi benevolent American empire The lives and careers of Taft, Teddy Roosevelt, and other important US figures are examined, often in a less than flattering light Fascinating book It s long, but I ll probably read it again.

  5. says:

    In 1898, certain people came to power in America who believed the time had come for America to become a global power They noticed Spain was losing control of its empire and saw an opportunity to take the territory for the United States.The Spanish American war barely lasted a month, and all the USA did was punch Spain as it was already falling, declaring glorious victory and asserting the United States as a global power.Spain had ruled Cuba and the Philippines for centuries through the Catholic Church, setting it up as a series of fiefdoms controlled by the local friars The crown allowed Spanish citizens to purchase land and set up plantations, but not the natives Spanish colonists often intermarried with the local peoples, and their land became handed down over the centuries and formed a landowning gentry that controlled everything while the peasants worked for subsistence on land they could never hope to possess.The idea of equality with their Spanish rulers began to take root in the landowning class, some of whom were tired of being treated as inferiors when they had education and wealth and light colored skin Independence movements began to take root among these classes as early as the 1840s.When Cuba revolted against Spanish exploitation, some in the Philippines took up arms as well, and they might have overwhelmed the ailing Spanish forces had the United States not pounced on the opportunity Long after Spain was defeated, rebels continued to fight for self determination, and the US fought a brutal campaign to assert their authority over the islands.The rebel forces were eventually forced to surrender, and now the US had finally become a global power Motivations varied, and the issue divided the nation Some wanted the territory as a gateway to trade with China and India Others desired to convert the people into Americans, spreading civilization and reason to people who, in their eyes, desperately needed saving Some businessmen saw opportunity to establish overseas operations for cheap Different people in favor of America becoming an imperial power had different ways to justify it Anti imperialists still held enormous sway in the government.From the beginning, the US coddled the landowning class, who switched loyalties whenever it suited them, doing anything to preserve their status and influence while the rest of the people lived in abject poverty Since the upper class was likely to be educated in European ways and have lighter colored skin , Americans saw them as their kind of people, so they dealt with them rather than the landless laborers So while the US established schools and tried to educate the people in Western ways, built roads, hospitals, some industry, military bases and ports, the US did nothing to address the needs of the nation s impoverished masses, choosing instead to allow the rich landowning class to maintain their position Because of this, and a culture the Americans could not understand, little changed.In Philippine culture, family connections are important than duty to one s state or even profession Family is the modern continuation of tribal identity, which was how society functioned in precolonial times the village chief had absolute authority, and his family was exempt from menial labor Catholicism helped extend these ties to both blood and ritual associations Family functions take precedence over school and work, leaving many teachers frustrated the children did not attend school regularly, and leaving US governors frustrated their Filipino officers regularly used their stations to enrich themselves and their friends and families Government, the police, and industry became crony institutions existing to elevate the social and financial status of the people in them and punish their enemies From the American point of view, this is corruption, but in Philippine culture it is a code of honor, taking care of one s family and repaying debts to those who helped one rise to power by giving them government jobs or prominent positions in business.Under the US control, the Philippines was not permitted to begin business ventures that might compete with US businesses They had to accept goods imported from the US without any price discrimination, effectively making the Philippine market captive to large US corporations, eliminating any chance the islands might have had to build up their own industry and commerce They were economically dependent on the USA, and the only people who benefited from this arrangement was the landowning class some sixty families who owned all of the land, government, and industry, and the rest of the people remained indentured to this nobility.The United States government couldn t agree on the best way to run a foreign colony, and the costs of maintaining overseas territory seemed to exceed any benefits The US pledged to grant the nation autonomy, but with a catch the economic arrangement would continue The islands had to allow US goods in and could not charge tariffs or differentiate between a product made in the Philippines and one imported from the US Quotas would eventually be instated, but by then the Philippines was completely reliant on US goods.During the Japanese occupation of the islands after their attack on Pearl Harbor, the landowning class often collaborated with the Japanese to retain their status and power After the war, the US did not prosecute these collaborators, despite promises to hold them accountable as enemies of the United States The US restored them to power, and this only confirmed the US did not care about the people at large but was only looking out for the interests of the upper class The gentry had become richer under US dominance, and the poor saw only empty promises The people began to rise up and fight back They were branded as communists It culminated when President Marcos faked communist attacks and uprisings in various cities to justify declaring martial law and taking over as dictator He and his family ran the country as their own personal piggy bank for twenty years while the US was preoccupied in Vietnam The US looked the other way for the sake of the military bases, vital to the war in Indochina.Opposition to his rampant corruption was framed as a communist uprising, and the US may have intervened had the failure in Vietnam not soured Washington s stomach to direct military involvement Some US presidents may have believed Marcos was keeping the communists down for them, but in fact these were rebellions against the Marcos regime s corruption and the further oppression of the masses by the landowning class the US and the Philippine government continued to cater to Marcos was eventually overthrown by an impromptu election he himself called for His successor, however, could do little but pick up the pieces of the country Marcos had driven into crippling debt Instead of dismantling the system that had led to such unrest, she merely reestablished the system that had kept landowners in power and the peasants in the mud, looking out for those of her own social class.The United States hoped to change the Philippines into a bastion of Western civilization in the East, but failing to force change on the established gentry, who controlled land, industry, politics, and all other aspects of the nation, ensured nothing would ever improve for anyone but the rich minority All promises of land reforms to improve the condition of the poor never happened due to the landowners fighting every attempt at meaningful change Cronyism still runs the country, and it remains a practically feudal society to this day The US may look down on their corrupt democracy, but cronyism and nepotism run the world It just happens to be less of a secret in the Philippines There s a reason this chapter of American history is rarely mentioned in school It is not a simple era The motivations for taking control of the Philippines were not simple The outcome was also not simple There s no clear lesson to be learned, but a common thread does run through these events the arrogance of the US trying to impose their culture on somebody else s, decrying the people as savages who will never adapt to Western ways while ensuring the system that keeps the people oppressed remains intact Meaningful change could never happen so long as the rich resisted it, and so long as the US caved in to the demands of the rich.

  6. says:

    Very good, and I would recommend it to anyone with an interest in the Philippines particularly Americans who, like me, haven t had much exposure to the history of the country Although this book does focus on the relationship between the Philippines and America, it s a pretty comprehensive history of the country, from the arrival of Magellan through Cory Aquino Karnow is a good storyteller and, I think, a fairly objective historian I was kind of hoping to find in this book some Filipino heroes to look up to, and while there are certainly some good people, no one is put on a pedestal, even Karnow s personal friend Ninoy Aquino I was somewhat reminded, in reading this, of the history of Czechoslovakia Czech Republic a smallish country that is often outside the grand stage of world affairs, but often gets buffeted about by what is happening there, and occasionally gets drawn onstage for a few minutes as well.

  7. says:

    This was a really readable, interesting account of the history of the Philippines, from Spanish colonization up to Cory Aquino s presidency Definitely recommend it to anyone traveling to the country It gave me a better understanding of Filipino society and culture while I was there The author has spent decades covering the country as a journalist, and includes really interesting insight and anecdotes from his time there Good book.

  8. says:

    Revisionist history that makes widely reactionary conclusions without much backing, such as the assertion that Filipinos submitted voluntarily to their own exploitation and the imperialist beliefs that the Philippines would not have formed its own infrastructure had it not been for American intervention For specifics, see Peter Tarr s review in The Nation and various scholarship by E San Juan Jr.

  9. says:

    I blogged about this excellent book here I learned that my eighth grade English teacher was right if you really want to retain what you ve read, try writing about it after you read it.When this book was published, some readers probably went directly to the final chapters a detailed narrative of recently passed events before, during, and after the downfall of the Ferdinand Marcos regime because they seemed the most important part of the book Now, twenty years later, this narrative has lost its urgency but the events described are not yet far enough in the past to qualify as forgotten , and therefore, interesting At the same time, the first half of the book, formerly prologue, has now taken on a possible new significance as a distant mirror of the current troubles of the USA s occupying armies in the Middle East While I hope that I am as conscious of the dangers of presentism as the next clam, it s hard not to be struck by a narrative of problems encountered by a relatively small number of well meaning but often quarrelsome administrators trying to get their arms around a gaggle of problems not of their making, while also attempting to extinguish flare ups which inevitably result when you put a large number of well armed young soldiers in the middle of a resentful foreign civilian population they don t understand, both literally i.e., there is no shared language and figuratively I think this parallel also struck American author and filmmaker John Sayles, which is why he recently produced both a book and a movie about this darkly ambiguous episode in America s history.It s unjust that this book won a Pulitzer Prize and Karnow s subsequent history of the Vietnam did not, but that s only because this book is merely extremely good while the Vietnam book is best book of the century material You can tell in this book that Karnow has Vietnam on the brain The consistent references might be a little mystifying to someone who wasn t aware of the extent that the Vietnam War transfixed public attention and became the defining event in the lives of many who were there Still, that s a small quibble in a book as good as this one.

  10. says:

    Despite Americans continual debates about the nature of their modern empire, or about their supposedly imperialistic foreign policy, there is one extremely relevant case of American empire that almost no one discusses, the Philippines And yet, as Stanley Karnow shows in this engaging history, the Philippines represents the one place where Americans engaged in a classic colonial adventure, where we tried to govern tens of millions of foreign people for decades from 1898 to 1946 Yet America seems to have forgotten the experiment The Philippine conquest started by chance In a bid to save the Cubans from Spanish perfidy, America attacked the Spanish empire across the globe Admiral Dewey smashed the Spanish fleet off the Philippines, and U.S troops surrounded the Spanish garrison in Manilla After winning the battle, however, it turned out the Americans were in possession of a massive piece of that Spanish empire While we had promised to give Cubans their freedom, we had said nothing about this distant archipelago, which President WIlliam McKinley, when he appointed his first ambassador there, couldn t find on a map McKinley, however, claimed that God had told him in a dream to take possession of the islands, and the treaty confirming this dream only passed the Senate by the tie breaking vote of the Vice President.Although the United States brutally put down an insurgency led by the wealthy native leader Emilio Aguinaldo, overall, the U.S time in the Philippines did prove an exception to the typical Western colonial story of rapine and exploitation From the beginning, the U.S allowed the Philippines to form political parties advocating independence, to vote in local and parliamentary elections, and to print their own newspapers Unlike European countries who refused to teach most natives the colonizers language, America began an unprecedented effort to cover the island with English language primary schools Fond memories of U.S matrons teaching history and geography reverberate in the Philippines to this day, and English remains the nation s most commonly spoken language Tagalog is actually focused in the Northern island of Luzon Twice, when the U.S Congress willingly voted for Philippine independence admittedly at the instigation of US sugar and tobacco barons who feared Philippine competition in 1916 and 1934, Philippine legislators, including the nominal hero of independence Manuel Quezon, secretly asked that the U.S hold off, since they wanted access to both U.S markets and U.S military protection Only after General Douglas MacArthur whose father Arthur MacArthur had actually led the struggle against Philippine insurgents liberated the islands from a brutal Japanese dictatorship earning him near godlike status there did the U.S give it up So despite America s obvious mistakes, the nation has much to be proud of in its time in the Philippines It brought genuine advancement, and gave the nation up willingly to a democratic alternative This explains why today Filipinos still admire the U.S., and still identify with U.S history and culture The book lags when it deals with the long pre American Spanish empire, and when it goes into the innumerable twists and turns of Philippine politics post 1946, but on the whole it offers a vivid reminder of one of the U.S s strangest, and yet most forgotten, foray abroad.

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