Patas arriba: La escuela del mundo al revés

Patas arriba: La escuela del mundo al revésIn A Series Of Mock Lesson Plans And A Program Of Study Galeano Provides An Eloquent, Passionate, Funny And Shocking Expos Of First World Privileges And Assumptions From A Master Class In The Impunity Of Power To A Seminar On The Sacred Car With Tips Along The Way On How To Resist Useless Vices And A Declaration Of The The Right To Rave He Surveys A World Unevenly Divided Between Abundance And Deprivation, Carnival And Torture, Power And HelplessnessWe Have Accepted A Reality We Should Reject, He Writes, One Where Poverty Kills, People Are Hungry, Machines Are Precious Than Humans, And Children Work From Dark To Dark In The North, We Are Fed On A Diet Of Artificial Need And All Made The Same By Things We Own The South Is The Galley Slave Enabling Our Greed

Eduardo Galeano was a Uruguayan journalist, writer and novelist His best known works are Memoria del fuego Memory of Fire Trilogy, 1986 and Las venas abiertas de Am rica Latina Open Veins of Latin America, 1971 which have been translated into twenty languages and transcend orthodox genres combining fiction, journalism, political analysis, and history The author himself has proclaimed his ob

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  • Patas arriba: La escuela del mundo al revés
  • Eduardo Galeano
  • 06 September 2019

10 thoughts on “Patas arriba: La escuela del mundo al revés

  1. says:

    Eduardo Galeano s Open Veins of Latin America, describing 500 years of brutalization and exploitation of the peoples, lands and resources of Latin America by Europeans and North Americans makes for tough reading Upside Down, A Primer for the Looking Glass World, on the other hand, takes hard to swallow subjects such as racism, sexism, corporate manipulation, government betrayal, workplace dehumanization, brainwashing of children, environmental poisoning, systematic jailing, torture and murder and treats these subjects alternately with laugh out loud black humor, out and out sarcasm, and sharp steely needles of cynicism Tell us what you really think, Eduardo Modern culture and society as a bushel basket of rotten apples Here s a sample of some of those most rotten and, I ve linked a few words of my own experience tasting these unfresh fruit The first chapter deals with education, which makes abundant sense since that is how we begin our human odyssey, as children imbibing our culture s values Galeano writes, The looking glass world trains us to view our neighbor as a threat, not a promise It condemns us to solitude and consoles us with chemical drugs and cybernetic friends We are sentenced to die of hunger, fear, or boredom that is, if a stray bullet doesn t do the job first Fortunately, I grew up in a shore town where I spent many hours at the beach swimming and diving and at the ocean surfing One thing I could never figure out why were all the kids I knew armed to the teeth with cap guns, water guns, pop guns and even BB guns When many of those same kids grew up and were sent to Vietnam, I started figuring it out In Eduardo s chapter Racism and Sexism 101, we read, In the Americas and Europe the police hunt stereotypes guilty of wearing an unconcealed face Every nonwhite suspect confirms the rule written in invisible ink in the depths of our collective conscience crime is black or brown, or at least yellow I witnessed a white mass exodus fleeing North New Jersey for Central New Jersey after the 1967 Newark race riots If you live in the US, there isn t a hotter hot potato than race, both back then and now When it comes to race, all you have to do is rub people the wrong way ever so slightly and an avalanche of anger and rage can pour out One of personal favorite chapters The Sacred Car Eduardo begins by saying, Human rights pale beside the rights of machines Automobiles usurp human space, poison the air, and frequently murder the interlopers who invade their conquered territory and no one lifts a finger to stop them Ain t that the truth Being a walker myself as a kid and adult, I ve had an entire lifetime of playing dodgeball with cars But I must admit one good thing other than the occasional dog owner walking doggie, I have the sidewalks pretty much to myself Men and women in the US taking on the role of the inside people in other words, padding from home to car to work to car to shopping mall to car back to home An entire population of ass ploppers, plopping posterior cheeks in front of the TV, at the computer, at the dinner table, at one s desk at work, and, of course, behind the wheel of one s car The automobile as the noisy, dirty glue fitting all the pieces together And, God forbid, if anybody has any doubts, check out the flood of TV commercials an unending stream of handsome, happy men and beautiful, sexy women driving sleek, shiny new automobiles Good times in the land of plenty On commercialization and brainwashing, we read, Hours spent in front of the television easily surpass those spent in the classroom, when hours are spent in the classroom at all It is a universal truth that, with our without school, TV programs are children s primary source of formation, information, and deformation, as well as their principal source of topics for conversation As a boy I lived in a small house where the TV was king My only escape was going off to college As an adult I ve never been a TV watcher I suspect a good measure of my modest success in creative endeavors results from freeing myself from the boob tube Come to think of it, why do I no longer hear people calling that silly thing the boob tube or the idiot box The number of unemployment keeps on growing The world has and surplus people What will the owners of the planet do with so much useless humanity Send them to the moon In Mexico, work is the only commodity whose price goes down every month Over the past twenty years, a good part of the middle class has fallen into poverty the poor have fallen into misery, and the miserable have fallen off the charts If anybody reading this has a steady job with good pay and adequate benefits, count your blessings But, as you are counting, reflect is your job empowering you to express the full flower of your creative energies, or is it just a tad deadening I ll let Eduardo have the last word here He writes toward the end of his book, Every day, the ruling system places our worst characteristics at center stage, condemning our best to languish behind the backdrop The system of power is not in the least eternal We may be badly made, but we re not finished, and it s the adventure of changing reality and changing ourselves that makes our blip in the history of the universe worthwhile, this fleeting warmth between two glaciers that is us.

  2. says:

    This goes on and on and on and on about what is wrong with the world today, and yesterday, and its grim prospects tomorrow, the seeming hopelessness of the future so that there was a point where I felt I couldn t take it any, shocked that I live in this planet, and looked at my two children as mistakes I felt my whole being weakening, like I was in an onset of a fatal food poisoning that will lead to my death in a couple of hours.A world turned upside down A relentless, cruel oration explaining why I live in hell Then, towards the end, the flagellation abruptly ends and my tormentor announces that he might, probably, allow me and my family to live after all in another possible world where the air shall be cleansed of all poisons except those born of human fears and human passions in the streets, cars shall be run over by dogs people shall not be driven by cars, or programmed by computers, or bought by supermarkets, or watched by televisions the TV set shall no longer be the most important member of the family and shall be treated like an iron or a washing machine people shall work for a living instead of living for work written into law shall be the crime of stupidity, committed by those who live to have or to win, instead of living just to live like the bird that sings without knowing it and the child who plays unaware that he or she is playing in no country shall young men who refuse to go to war go to jail, rather only those who want to make war economists shall not measure living standards by consumption levels or the quality of life by the quantity of things cooks shall not believe that lobsters love to be boiled alive historians shall not believe that countries love to be invaded politicians shall not believe that the poor love to eat promises earnestness shall no longer be a virtue, and no one shall be taken seriously who can t make fun of himself death and money shall lose their magical powers, and neither demise or fortune shall make a virtuous gentleman of a rat no one shall be considered a hero or a fool for doing what he believes is right instead of what serves him best the world shall wage war not on the poor but rather on poverty, and the arms industry shall have no alternative but to declare bankruptcy food shall not be a commodity nor shall communications be a business, because food and communications are human rights no one shall die of hunger, because no one shall die from overeating street children shall not be treated like garbage, because there shall be no street children rich kids shall not be treated like gold, because there shall be no rich kids education shall not be the privilege of those who can pay the police shall not be the curse of those who cannot pay justice and liberty, Siamese twins condemned to live apart, shall meet again and be united, back to back there will no longer be censorship and paid reviews at goodreads for here liberty shall meet his sister honesty and be reunited with her too the Church, holy mother, shall correct the typos on the tablets of Moses and the Sixth Commandment shall dictate the celebration of the body the Church shall also proclaim another commandment, the one God forgot You shall love nature, to which you belong clothed with forests shall be the deserts of the world and of the soul the despairing shall be paired and the lost shall be found, for they are the ones who despaired and lost their way from so much lonely seeking we shall be compatriots and contemporaries of all who have a yearning for justice and beauty, no matter where they were born or when they lived, because borders of geography and time shall cease to exist perfection shall remain the boring privilege of the gods, while in our bungling, messy world every night shall be lived as if it were the last and every day as if it were the first I tell you, if you read this after you ve read what comes before it you might tear up a little.

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  4. says:

    Estoy empezando a considerar a Galeano como autor favorito Tercer libro que leo de l en el a o y vuelve a dejarme con la boca abierta Escribe tan precioso llen el libro de post it y te parte el coraz n en mil pedazos De verdad todas estas cosas horribles pasaron, de verdad siguen pasando Aunque s admito que la ltima parte se me hizo ya medio repetitiva y un poco cansadora, pero es una lectura para tomarse con calma y leer con pa uelos a mano Vamos por m s del autor Desde los tiempos de la conquista y de la esclavitud, a los indios y a los negros les han robado los brazos y las tierras, la fuerza de trabajo y la riqueza y tambi n la palabra y la memoria Dios, distra do, se olvid de crear a la mujer y al hombre, y la mujer y el hombre no tuvieron m s remedio que hacerse a s mismos Y all , en el fondo del abismo, en el basural, la mujer y el hombre se crearon con las sobras de Dios Los seres humanos hemos nacido de la basura, y por eso todos tenemos algo de d a y algo de noche, y somos todos tiempo y tierra y agua y viento M s que en los museos, donde la pobre se aburre, la memoria est en el aire que respiramos y ella, desde el aire, nos respira En lengua castellana decimos, cuando se nos ocurre decir que tenemos esperanza abrigamos esperanza Linda expresi n, lindo desaf o abrigarla, para que ella no se nos muera de fr o en estas implacables intemperies de los tiempos que corren

  5. says:

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  6. says:

    As other reviewers have noted, Galeano doesn t provide footnotes to back up his assertions, which makes this book a rant and not a treatise It is a breathtaking rant, though, with language as beautiful as the world it describes is ugly Plus, Galeano does provide a list of sources at the end, if the reader needs further convincing that Galeano s description of the Looking Glass world is spot on.Here are some of Galeano s own words The killer instinct is an essential ingredient for getting ahead, a human virtue when it helps large companies digest small and strong countries devour weak but proof of bestiality when some jobless guy goes around with a knife in his fist 6 The world economy is the most efficient expression of organized crime The international bodies that control currency, trade, and credit practice international terrorism against poor countries, and against the poor of all countries, with a cold blooded professionalism that would make the best of the bomb throwers blush 6 The looking glass school teaches us to suffer reality, not to change it to forget the past, not learn from it to accept the future, not invent it In its halls of learning, impotence, amnesia, and resignation are required courses 8 What schools and media teach as the only possible way of remembering the past simply passes on the voices that repeat the boring litany of power s self sacralization Exoneration requires unremembering 34 No judge can send a global system to jail for killing by hunger, but a crime is a crime even when it s carried out as the most normal thing in the world 154 Just as smart bombs killed Iraqis in the Gulf war without anyone except the dead finding out, smart money earns 40 percent profits without anyone finding out how 157 The development of technology leads not to free time or freedom, only to unemployment and fear 164 Saving the environment is turning out to be the most brilliant enterprise of the very companies that are destroying it 191 Inequality before the law lies at the root of real history, but official history is written by oblivion, not memory We know all about this in Latin America, where exterminators of Indians and traffickers in slaves have their statues in city plazas, while streets and avenues tend to bear the names of those who stole the land and looted the public purse 201 Impunity is crime s reward, openly promoting and encouraging of the same And when the criminal who has raped, robbed, tortured, and murdered without answering to anyone happens to be the state, a green light is flashed to all of society to rape, rob, torture, and kill The same society that uses punishment like a scarecrow to frighten criminals at the bottom rewards them at the top with a lifetime get out of jail free card 207 Can anyone really argue with these last two quotes after watching the banksters on Wall Street destroy the global economy, and then give themselves record bonuses, free from any oversight or prosecution No matter how much they burn it, break it, and lie about it, human history refuses to shut its mouth Despite deafness and ignorance, the time that was continues to tick inside the time that is The right to remember does not figure among the human rights consecrated by the United Nations, but now than ever we must insist on it and act on it.When it s truly alive, memory doesn t contemplate history, it invites us to make it 210 Impunity is the child of bad memory 211 If we behave ourselves, it will come to pass We will all see the same images and hear the same sounds and wear the same clothes and eat the same hamburgers and enjoy the same solitude in our houses all alike in neighborhoods all alike in cities all alike where we will all breathe the same garbage and serve our cars with the same devotion and carry out the orders of the same machines in a world that will be marvelous for all who have no legs or wings or roots 233 Like so many other symbols of consumer society, cars belong to a minority whose habits are parlayed into universal truths, obliging the rest of us to see cars as the only possible extension of the human body 241 Modernization, motorization the roar of traffic drowns out the chorus of voices denouncing civilization s sleight of hand that steals our freedom, then sells it back to us, that cuts off our legs to make us buy running machines 243 The consuming masses take orders in a language that is universal advertising has achieved what Esperanto could not 257 Free time, time imprisoned the homes of the very poor have no beds, but they have TVs and the TV has the floor Bought on credit, this little beast is proof of the democratic nature of progress It listens to no one but speaks for all Poor and rich alike thus learn the virtues of the latest car, and poor and rich alike discover the favorable interest rates offered by one bank or another 257 I ve always heard that money can t buy happiness, but every poor TV viewer has ample grounds for believing money can buy something so close to happiness that the difference can be left to specialists 259 The global mass media have set the price of freedom of expression in the clouds the opinionated, who have the right to listen, are ever numerous, while the opinionators, who have the right to make themselves heard, are ever fewer 276 Technological diversity is said to be democratic diversity Technology places images, words, and music within the reach of all, as never before But this marvel becomes a dirty trick if private monopoly ends up imposing a one image, one word, one tune dictatorship 278 In their speeches politicians are prepared to die for education, and in their acts they proceed to kill it 293 In the name of justice, so called socialism had sacrificed freedom The symmetry is revealing in the name of freedom, capitalism sacrifices justice day in, day out Are we obliged to kneel before one of these two altars Those of us who believe that injustice is not our immutable fate have no reason to identify with the despotism of a minority that denied freedom, was accountable to no one, treated people as children, and saw unity as unanimity and diversity as treason 318 In the language of Castile, when we want to say we have hope, we say we shelter hope A lovely expression, a challenge to shelter her so she won t die of the cold in the bitter climate of these times 320 Truth lies in the voyage, not the port.Living wherever, living however, living whenever, each person contains many possible persons Every day, the ruling system places our worst characteristics at center stage, condemning our best to languish behind the backdrop The system of power is not in the least eternal We may be badly made, but we re not finished, and it s the adventure of changing reality and changing ourselves that makes our blip in the history of the universe worthwhile, this fleeting warmth between two glaciers that is us 329 If the world is upside down the way it is now, wouldn t we have to turn it over to get it to stand up straight 337

  7. says:

    Das Kapital i a da bir air yazsayd bu kitap ortaya kard diye d nd m ok g zel Adalet de t pk y lanlar gibi, yaln zca plak ayakl lar s r yor Yeni a lan bir k pr kt nde, i i bo alt lan bir banka batt nda, imentosuz in a edilen bir bina y k ld nda kimsenin hapse girmedi i lkelerde yaln zca yoksullar cezaevine girer K k soygun zel m lkiyete kar i lenmi bir su , b y k soygun m lk sahiplerinin hakk ABD nin herkesten ok borcu var, ama kimse onu iflas bayra ekmeye zorlayam yor ktidar elinde tutan i in bor bir eyi ifade etmiyor Alacakl , ancak bu paray tahsil edebilecek ara lara sahipse ger ekten bir alacakl olabilir Bor lu zerinde hi bir yapt r m yoksa, aksine bor lu ondan daha g l yse, oyunun kurallar n belirleyebiliyorsa, ili ki tersine d ner.Galeonu nun toplumumuzdaki arp c kar tl klar , tuhafl klar ortaya karabilme g c , sonra bu arp kl klar arp c metaforlarla aktarabilme yetene i var Metaforun ve tepetaklakl n g c , do ru bildiklerimizi sorgulamaya zorluyor bizi imdiye kadar normal kabul etti imiz ili kiler, manzaralar onun kaleminde bizi utand ran eyler haline geliyor Salonlar m z televizyon merkezli tasarlad m z hi dikkatimi ekmemi ti daha nce.Kitab n tek kusuru, 1990 lar n entelekt el modas olan hadi Sovyetler Birli i ne vural m ak m na kap lm olmas Bunun kar s nda da Brezilya daki topraks z k yl hareketini, Meksika da Zapatistalar mutlakla t rm , Marksizm Leninizme bir alternatif gibi sunmaya al m.Okunmal.

  8. says:

    Cuando est de veras viva, la memoria no contempla la historia, sino que invita a hacerla M s que en los museos, donde la pobre se aburre, la memoria est en el aire que respiramos y ella, desde el aire, nos respira Es un libro agridulce porque por una parte tenemos a Galeano hablando de temas como la pobreza infantil o la venta de armas, pero por otra parte tenemos al Galeano m gico, que nos insiste en que somos todos uno.Ha removido cosas dentro de m , me ha hecho pensar y he aprendido de l Al fin y al cabo es para lo que leemos, para que cuando terminamos un libro no seamos los mismos que cuando lo comenzamos.En general me parece un libro muy redondo, en el que se nota el enorme trabajo que lleva detr s.

  9. says:

    Kapitalizmde var olmak faydal olmakt r, faydal olmak i in sat labilir olmak gerekir Paraya evrilemeyen zaman, bo zaman, retme g reviyle de il de ya ama zevkiyle ya anm ya am korku retiyor Korku da a g zl l kle birlikte kapitalizmin en aktif motorlar ndan biridir.Art k paray a a dakiler veriyor, d d yukar dakiler al yor.Kazan lar zelle tirilirken, zararlar toplumsalla t r l yor.Finans oyuncular , al an insan n para kazanmaya vakti olmaz diye dalga ge erek, retim sistemiyle kedinin fareyle oynad gibi oynamaktad r.E er u yoksulluk ve k k i letmecilik kusurlar olmasayd , mahalle b k nlar kafalar nda kral ta lar , beyefendi apkalar , piskopos takkeleri ve general kepleriyle ortal kta l l dolan r, itiraflar n n alt na parmak basmak yerine h k met kararlar n imzalarlard.D nya ekonomisi rg tl su un en ge erli ifadesidir paray , ticareti ve krediyi kontrol eden uluslararas rg tler yoksul lkelere ve b t n lkelerin yoksullar na kar en iyi bombard man bile utand racak profesyonel so ukkanl l k ve dokunulmazl kla ter r uygulamaktad r.D nya zengin ocuklar na sanki paraym gibi davran yor ki onlar da paran n davrand gibi davranmaya al s nlar D nya yoksul ocuklara sanki pm gibi davran yor ki onlar da pe d n s nler Orta s n ftaki ne yoksul ne zengin olan ocuklar ise televizyona ba ml tutuyor ki daha vakit erkenken tutsak ya am kader olarak kabul etsinler.Siber ocuklar da siber uzayda, kentin sokaklar nda avare dola an terkedilmi ocuklarla ayn yaln zl kta yol al rlar.Ya l lara de er vermeyen retim sistemi ocuklardan da korkuyor ya l l k bir ba ar s zl k, ocukluk bir tehlike.Hem e itleyen hem e itliksiz bir d nya Dayatt d nce ve al kanl klarla tektiple tiren, aptalla t ran ve e itleyen, sundu u f rsatlarla e itliksiz.G n m zde kapitalizm, piyasa ekonomisi ismiyle ld yor emperyalizmin ad k reselle me, oport nizm pragmatizm oldu, ihanetin ad ise realizm ili diktat rl n n toplama kamp n n ad Haysiyet, Uruguay diktat rl n n ba l ca cezaevinin ad da zg rl k idi nl sosyal Darwinist filozof Herbert Spencer, bug n pazar n kurallar olan e itsizlikleri akl n egemenli inde kurmu tu zerinden bir y zy ldan fazla zaman ge mi olmas na ra men, saptamalar ndan baz lar sanki imdi s ylenmi , bizim neoliberal zamanlar m za aitlermi gibi geliyor kula a Spencer a g re devlet en g l ve yetenekli insanlara iktidar veren do al ay klanma s recine m dahale etmemesi i in parantez i ine al nmal yd Sosyal himaye serseri s r s n o altmaktan ba ka bir i e yaramazd , kamusal okul da yaln zca ho nutsuzluk retirdi Devlet a a rklara yaln zca kol g c isteyen i leri retmek ve onlar alkolden uzak tutmakla yetinmeliydi.1994 y l nda yay nlanan The Bell Curve kitab Amerika Birle ik Devletleri nde muhte em bir sat ba ar s yakalad Harvardl iki niversite profes r taraf ndan yaz lan kitap pek ok ki inin d nd ama s ylemeye cesaret edemedi i ya da al ak sesle s yledi i eyi dilinde t y biterek a k a s yl yordu Siyahlar n ve yoksullar n beyazlardan ve zenginlerden genetik miras olarak a k a d k bir zek katsay lar vard r ve bu nedenle onlar n e itimine ya da sosyal deneklerine para ak tmak bo a k rek sallamak demektir Yoksullar ve zellikle siyah yoksullar e ektir yoksul olduklar i in e ek de il, e ek olduklar i in yoksuldurlar nsan rk n n slah na y nelik ilk kanun 1901 y l nda Kuzey Amerika eyaleti ndiana da kabul edildi Otuz y l sonra, ABD de zek z rl lerin, tehlikeli katillerin, tecav zc lerin, keza topluma zararl sapk n , uyu turucu ve alkol ba ml s ve hasta ve dejenere ki iler gibi mu lak kategorilere mensuplar n k s rla t r lmas na yasal a dan izin veren eyaletlerin say s otuzu buldu K s rla t r lanlar o unlukla elbette siyahlard Avrupa da saf rk ve sosyal hijyen fikirlerinden do an kanunlara sahip tek lke Almanya de ildi Mesela sve te otuzlu y llarda kabul edilen ve 1976 ya dek y r rl kten kald r lmayan bir yasan n uygulanmas yla yetmi binden fazla insan n k s rla t r ld n resmi kaynaklar yak n zamanda kabul etti.Siyahlar i in, Voltaire, Avrupal lardan a a , fakat maymunlardan st n Montesquieu, Tanr n n onlar n bedenine ruh koydu unu, zelikle de iyi bir ruh koydu unu d nmek imk ns z David Hume ise, onlar da imsanlara zg baz yetenekleri kullanabilir, t pk papa an n baz kelimeleri s ylemeyi ba armas gibi diye yazm lard r.Cinsiyet ayr mc l , rk l ktan geri kalm yor D nyada, her 10 yoksulun 6 s kad n, her 100 kad ndan yaln zca 1 nin m lk var, ayn i i yapan kad n erke in 1 3 cret al yor.G venli in adalete tercih edildi i bir d nyada, adaletin g venli in sunaklar nda kurban edilmesini her g n daha ok insan alk l yor G venlik gerek esiyle yok edilen sosyal mikroplar hep yoksullard r ve bunlar n Brezilya daki say s 15 y ll k diktat rl kte ld r lenlerin 4 kat d r.G ney Amerika da son 10 y lda meydana gelen y zlerce lin in failleri yoksullard yoksullar n yoksullara k r fkesiydi ve anketlerde halk n yar s lin leri onayl yordu.Yasalar r mcek a gibidir, sinekleri ve di er k k b cekleri yakalamak i in yap lm t r, ama b y k kan emicilerin yolunu kesemez.D nyaya h kmeden ve spek lasyondan ba ka bir ey retmeyen finans pazarlar n n mant yla bask iddet d nda her eyden elini eken devlet akl , i i g c olmayan ve asla olmayacak, iktisaden kullan m d olan, say lar giderek artan, d nyaya geldikten k sa s re sonra mahk m edilen kalabal klara kar hangi zorunlu itaat teknikleri geli tirebilir, onlara ne yapar zel hapishanelerin say s h zla art yor su oran azalsa bile su i leme potansiyeli gerek eli mahk miyetler sayesinde s rekli mahk m say lar ve k rlar y kseliyor D nya Bar , silah ticaretinden en b y k pay alan be lkeye emanet Birle mi Milletler G venlik Konseyi ndeki veto hakk na sahip USA, UK, Rusya, Fransa, in.BM in bar i in harcad her 1 kar l nda d nya sava i in 2000 harcamakta Hi bir bar l zafer sava n m kemmel zaferi kadar ihti aml olamaz diyen Roosevelt e Nobel Bar d l verilmi tir.Krali e Viktoria 19.yy da d nyan n en b y k uyu turucu t ccar yd zorla yapt r lan uyu turucu ticareti, direnen in deki Afyon Sava nda milyonlarca inlinin l m ne kadar varm t r.ABD, yasalara g re yasak olmas na ra men, hi bir ciddi uyu turucu t ccar n yakalam yor, uyu turucu u aklar kontrols z girip k yor, d nyada retilen uyu turucunun yar s ndan fazlas n almak zere de her y l y z milyarlarca dolar harc yor.ABD de her 10 uyu turucu kullan c s ndan 8 i beyaz iken, uyu turucuya ili kin tutuklanan 10 ki iden sadece 1 i beyaz Irk ayr m burada da deh et d zeydedir Crack denilen ucuz, i lemden ge irilmi kokaine verilen yasal ceza kokaine verilen cezan n 100 kat d r ve crack y z nden ceza alanlar n hemen hepsi siyahlard r.D nyada d viz olarak i lem g ren her 100 dan sadece 2.5 mal ve hizmet de i imiyle ilgili olup gerisi spek lasyonlard r Japonya n n en b y k 10 servetinden 7 si spek lat rd r.D nyada i siz say s giderek art yor D nyan n sahipleri bu kadar gereksiz insan ne yapacaklar Aya m g nderecekler onlar Fabrikalar sihir marifetiyle ortadan kaybolup yoksul lkelere ka yor, teknoloji her bir eyin retimi i in gereken i s resini ba d nd r c bir oranda azalt yor, mesai saatleri art yor, paran n retilmesi i in i art k vazge ilmez olmaktan k p spek lasyon yayg nla yor Mevcut i lerin o u sabit de il, d k cretli, g venlikten yoksun ve i sizlik korkular n n sistem i in disipline edici etkisi var ABD de ilk 500 irkette al an her 10 ki iden yaln zca 1 i kal c ve tam zamanl Britanya da sunulan 10 i ten sadece 1 i sosyal g venceli ve yine Britanya da yar zamanl i tan m haftada 1 saatten fazla al mak.Paradoksal olarak, rekl m ve umudun uydurdu u mutluluk i in d nyan n g neyinden kuzeyine i i g , i gal edilenlerin i gali olurken, ucuz i g c i in kuzeyinden g neyine fabrika g olmaktad r G neydekiler okuluslu irketleri ayartmak i in insanlar n ve do as n feda ederek kay t d al ma, ok d k cret, sa l k ve sosyal g vence yoklu u, ok uzun mesai s resi, evre kirlili i yar maktad r.California petrol irketi Chevron bir yandan yok olma tehlikesi g steren mavi kelebekleri koruyoruz masraf y lda 5.000 diye milyonlarca dolarl k evre korumas reklam yap p g z boyarken, di er yanda rafinerisi eyaletin en a r hava, su ve toprak kirleticisi olmay s rd rm t r.Radyoaktivite ve kimyasal kirlili i en ok yaratan ve bunlar n temizlenmesi i in gereken ekipmanlar en ok reten ayn dev irketler General Electric, Dupont, Westinghouse vb.Zehirlenmeler nedeniyle Tayvan da pirincin 1 3 yenmiyor, in deki nehirlerin 1 2 sinde bal k yok ve G.Kore deki nehirlerin 2 3 n n suyu i ilemez durumda.Uzun zaman nce Karl Marx, gelir vergilerindeki d me ve a r retim e iliminin sistemi s n rs z b y meye zorlayaca ve retim hakk nda hi bir ey bilmeyen ve retimle hi alakas olmayan bir ete diye tan mlad modern bankokrasi parazitlerinin iktidar delili ine kadar uzanaca konusunda uyarm t rnek t ketici, otomobilinden al mak ve ekrana bakmak i in iniyor ve ortalama 4 6 saat ekrana bak yor.YOKSUL, kimsesi olmayand r ve yayg nla maktad r.Kitaplarda ve radyolarda televizyondakilerden daha g zellerini g rebiliriz.Bilim ve teknik, bizi kendi hizmetine al yor Kendi ara lar m z n arac y z Merkezsiz bir labirent olan d nya y k l yor nsan eme ini kendi r n nden ay ran, s z ve eylemi kal c ayr l a zorlayan, ger ekli i belle inden bo altan ve her bireyi rekabet i ve di erlerinin d man yapan bu sistem b t n y zy l boyunca ara larla ama lar birbirinden ay rd.K k nden ve ba lar ndan mahrum b rak lan ger eklik, de ersizli in krall na d n yor En ok kredi kart olan n en sayg de er oldu u bir d nyada, l ks nesneler pazar n hi le tirdi i zneleri k skand r yor.Sis ideologlar , imdi moda olan belirsizlik ili in piskoposlar , bize ger e in anla lmaz oldu unu s yl yorlar bunu derken de ger ekli in de i tirilemezli ini kastediyorlar rnek vatanda ger ekli i kader gibi ya ayan oldu E er b yleyse b yle oldu u i indir e er ge mi te b yle olmu sa demek ki gelecekte de b yle olacakt r Yirminci y zy l de i im umudu alametleri al nda alt nda do mu ve az c k ilerledi inde de toplumsal devrim kas rgalar yla sars lm t imdilerde ise y zy l y lg nl a ve boyun e meye teslim olmu g r n yor branicede hasta s zc , ayn zamanda projesiz anlam na da geliyor zaman m z n en a r hastal bu Ama bir duvar yaz s yle diyor KARAMSARLI I DAHA Y ZAMANLARA BIRAKALIM Sivrisinek bulutlar gergedandan daha g l d r b y d k e b y r, soktuk a sokarlar.

  10. says:

    Eduardo Galeano , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

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